Sub-Atomic Particles- A Complete List and Definition of Them All

Sub-Atomic Particles- A Complete List and Definition of Them All

Our world is made primarily of molecules and compounds. These two things make up everything we know of. But, what makes up these two things? In this article, I will tell you all about the  inside of our world.

  • Compounds- Molecules mixed together until it is near impossible to detect differences between them.
  • Molecules- Combinations of atoms linked together by chemical bonds. They make up most everything.
  • Atoms- The basic building block of everything in the universe. Defined by different combinations of hadrons and electrons
  • Hadron- Particles made up of smaller particles. Baryons and Mesons.
  • Mesons- Include special particles with combinations of quarks and bosons.
  • Baryon- (Nucleons) Neutrons and Protons. Neutrons have no charge while protons are positively charged. Makeup the nucleus of an atom. Also includes Hyperons and other particles with varying amounts of quarks.
  • Quarks- Six different types: Up, Down, Strange, Charm, Top, and Bottom. Different combinations makeup the hadrons. Up, Strange, and Top all are Positively charged. The rest are negatively charged.
  • Leptons- Particles associated with chemistry and atomic decay. They are: Electron, Muon, Tau, Electron Neutrino, Muon Neutrino, and Tau Nuetrino. The first three are negatively charged while the rest are neutral.
  • Bosons- Carriers of force. Supposedly the reason why the four forces exist. They are Photons (electromagnetism), W and Z Bosons (Weak force), Gluons (Strong Force), Higgs Bosons (Mass), and finally Gravitrons (Gravity). All are neutral except Z Boson (negatively charged). Gravitrons have yet to be discovered.
  • Superpartners- Particles that may improve already discovered particles. They are: Neutralino, Chargino, Photino, Wino and Zino, Higgsino, Gluino, Gravitino, Sleptons, Sneutrino, and Squarks.

And that concludes our particles. Now there is also a set of particles OPPOSITE of these. These other particles makeup antimatter and some normal particles.

  • Antiquarks (antiup, antidown, antistrange, anticharm, antitop, antibottom)
  • Antileptons (antielectron/positron, electron antineutrino, antimuon, muon antineutrino, antitau, tau antineutrino)
  • Antiboson (W+ Boson)

Those are the only antiparticles I could find. Here are some bonus particles (Not yet discovered).

  • Gravitron, Graviscalar, Graviphoton, Axion, Axino, Saxion, Branon, Dilaton, Dilatino, X and Y Bosons, W’ and Z’ Bosons, Magnetic Photon, Majoron, Majorana Fermion, Chameleon Particle

Any questions? Ask a relevant question below!!!


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